The 2016 Summer Olympics, officially known as the Games of the XXXI Olympiad and as Rio 2016, is a major international multi-sport event due to be celebrated in the tradition of the Olympic Games, as governed by the International Olympic Committee (IOC). The host city of the Games will be Rio de Janeiro, Brazil, announced at the 121st IOC Session held in Copenhagen, Denmark, on October 2, 2009. The games will open on August 5, 2016 and the closing ceremony will be on August 21, 2016. There will be 35 competition venues mainly in Barra da Tijuca, but also in three other zones: Copacabana, Deodoro, and Maracanã. It will be the first time a South American and Lusophone city will host the event.

Rio de Janeiro 2016 Summer Olympics, Brazil

Deep below the centre of Rio de Janeiro, crucial work towards the revitalisation of the city’s port region is progressing at full steam. From Monday to Saturday, 24 hours day, an expert team of engineers, geologists, technicians and labourers are carving out two huge tunnels that will improve traffic flow, allowing for the recuperation of an important swathe of Rio’s heritage and the creation of a vibrant new neighbourhood.   
The Via Binário and Via Expressa tunnels, which reach depths of 46 metres, will play a key role in the Porto Maravilha project that is renovating about five million metres squared of land.

A workforce of around 1,000 people is employed on this important project for the city – a project that was discussed for decades but did not get off the drawing boards until Rio won the right to host the Olympic and Paralympic Games, which proved to be the catalyst for its realisation.

The Via Binário tunnel, which will stretch for 1,480m when finished, is already 77 per cent complete and is scheduled to be concluded in the second half of 2014. After passing through a testing period, the tunnel will become part of  3,500m Binário do Porto road, that has been in operation since November 2013.

Running parallel is the 6,847m Expressa road that will connnect the city centre with major routes such as Aterro do Flamengo, Avenida Brasil and the Rio-Niterói bridge. The tunnel part comprises 3,022m and is already 54 per cent completed with works scheduled to finish in December 2015. Once in operation, in 2016, in will be the largest urban tunnel in Brazil.